The NMR structure of the 47-kDa dimeric enzyme 3,4-dihydroxy-2-butanone-4-phosphate synthase and ligand binding studies reveal the location of the active site
M.J. Kelly, L. Ball, C. Krieger, Y. Yu, M. Fischer, S. Schiffmann, P. Schmieder, R. Kuhne, W. Bermel, A. Bacher, G. Richter, H. Oschkinat
Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA (2001) 98, 13025-13030
Recent developments in NMR have extended the size range of proteins amenable to structural and functional characterization to include many larger proteins involved in important cellular processes. By applying a combination of residue-specific isotope labeling and protein deuteration strategies tailored to yield specific information, we were able to determine the solution structure and study structure-activity relationships of 3,4-dihydroxy-2-butanone-4-phosphate synthase, a 47-kDa enzyme from the Escherichia coli riboflavin biosynthesis pathway and an attractive target for novel antibiotics. Our investigations of the enzyme's ligand binding by NMR and site-directed mutagenesis yields a conclusive picture of the location and identity of residues directly involved in substrate binding and catalysis. Our studies illustrate the power of state-of-the-art NMR techniques for the structural characterization and investigation of ligand binding in protein complexes approaching the 50-kDa range in solution.